1497-1861: The Russian Slavery (1)

In Russia, it was called “крепостное право” or “крепостничество”. It is universally translated into English (out of proverbial political correctness, no doubt) as “serfdom”. In reality, it was slavery – cut and dry, plain and simple, loud and clear. Indeed, the slave owners (the nobles) ultimately obtained (by imperial law) an absolute power over life … More 1497-1861: The Russian Slavery (1)

1582-1893: Creating the Largest Empire in the World

Well, technically not the largest in terms of land mass (British Empire was the largest) but definitely the largest continuous empire (British land holdings as well as the French, the Spanish, the Dutch and the Portuguese were all overseas). All these empires were colonial empires where all colonies (protectorate) were entities legally different from the … More 1582-1893: Creating the Largest Empire in the World

Sadistic Serial Mass Murderer as the Founder of Russian Empire

In Russia, Ivan IV quickly got the nickname Грозный​ (Grozny), universally translated into English as “Terrible”. Although this translation could have been accurate in Ivan’s times, in the modern world it is fundamentally incorrect and grossly misleading. The correct translation, given his actions inside and outside Russia, should be “Menacing”. Which, among other things, means … More Sadistic Serial Mass Murderer as the Founder of Russian Empire